Category: Gut Health

Diverticulitis: How to Heal A Large Intestine Infection

Diverticulitis is a colon infection that happens when small sacs known as diverticula rupture. Learn symptoms of diverticulitis and how to prevent this large intestine infection.

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Colorectal Cancer Symptoms & Prevention

Colorectal cancer describes cancer that has spread from the colon or rectum. Colorectal cancer has risen in younger people recently. Learn colon cancer symptoms, prevention, and treatment.

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Wine and Gut Health: The Perfect Pairing?

Cheers to wine and gut health! Moderate consumption of red wine or white wine can have some health benefits, including immune support and digestive health. However, too much alcohol can be problematic…

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Everything You Need to Know about IBS Symptoms and Treatment

IBS symptoms can derail your day. Nobody wants to deal with constipation, diarrhea, or bloating. Learn symptoms of IBS, and how to treat and prevent IBS-C, IBS-D, and IBS-M.

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Exercise And Its Effect On The Human Gut

There is a strong connection between exercise and human gut bacteria diversity. The more physical activity, the better your mood, immune system, and microbial composition.

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Yoga Poses for Stomach Issues for All Levels

Yoga poses for stomach issues can improve your digestive health naturally. Cut bloating, constipation, and symptoms of IBS with these yoga postures.

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10 Healthy Holiday Food Swaps for a Happy Gut

The holidays are a time for family, friends, and food. Sometimes, a little too much of all them…especially the food! While getting your grub on comes with the territory during the holiday season, it makes meeting your 2021 wellness goals a bit more challenging. That doesn’t mean you have to give up your favorite holiday traditions. You might just have to amend them a little. Here are ten healthy holiday food swaps that are gut-friendly and delicious!
 
Going hard on food this holiday season? You and us all. You have to take these little losses with little victories. Finding the balance between comfort food and that makes your digestive system comfortable is key. Here are 10 ways to transform your holidays into a healthy one this season.
 
5 healthy holiday food swaps

 

Mashed Potatoes ➡️ Cauliflower Mash

 
Besides the turkey itself, perhaps no other food is more synonymous with Thanksgiving than mashed potatoes. This side dish is the ultimate comfort food that turns super uncomfortable after its third serving. 
 
White potatoes are exceptionally high in simple starches. They are laden with empty calories that our body burns off quickly. In turn, we’re hungry again. That’s why you have no problems going back for seconds and thirds. 
 
Cauliflower is a resistant starch. Your body burns it slower, which helps you feel fuller longer. 
 
Plus, one cup of this gut-friendly food provides you with 10% of your daily recommended intake of dietary fiber. Not only does dietary fiber help us flush out toxins, but it also provides food for your probiotic bacteria!
 
Now, if cauliflower mash isn’t your jam, we can still improve the nutrients of your old fashioned mashed potatoes. For one, leave the skin on. 
 
Potato skin has more fiber and is an excellent source of potassium. You can also try substituting red or purple potatoes instead of using white to up your antioxidant intake! 

 

Turkey Gravy ➡️ Mushroom “Gravy”

 
Mashed potatoes and gravy go together like peanut butter and jelly. As much as we love a good PB&J, there are certainly healthier options out there. The same goes for our dear friend gravy.
 
Gravy is a guilty pleasure that many of us love to partake in during the holidays. It’s fine in moderation, but there are still tons of unhealthy fats in this savory condiment. 
 
Try making a vegan gravy to either replace or supplement your turkey gravy. Mushrooms are an excellent plant-based gravy swap because they provide the texture and color we’re used to with this Thanksgiving staple. 
 
Saute 16 ounces of mushrooms with 1/4 of a cup of grass-fed butter for about 20 minutes. Add in 1/4 of a cup of unbleached flour, stirring for five minutes. Last, add a cup of stock. Add herbs and spices to taste and simmer for a half-hour. 
 
To up the antiviral benefits, we suggest using shiitake mushrooms. They are rich in beta-glucans that prop up the immune system and fight off pathogenic growth. 

 

Green Beans ➡️ Green Beans Almondine

 
Green beans are an excellent source of fiber, antioxidants, and silicon. These are all essential for a healthy system. Unfortunately, all of these benefits get hidden in green bean casseroles because they get smothered with heavy cream and fried onions. 
 
A green bean dish is essential for almost any holiday table. Get the same crispy-yet-juicy texture you love from baked green beans from the stovetop with green bean almondine.
 
This dish sautees green beans with almonds. Almonds are teeming with proteins that are essential for repairing cells around our gut lining. These nuts are also an excellent source of healthy fats that naturally lower low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol levels. 

 

Apple Pie ➡️ Baked Apples and Applesauce

 
Nothing screams fall tradition like freshly picked apples. Excessive amounts of apples mean one thing — apple pie. Apple pie is excellent to share with the whole family on Thanksgiving. However, 2020 might see a smaller set up around the table. This year might be the one to cut down on the sweets. However, that doesn’t mean you have to have an appleless holiday. Instead of baking apples in a pie, have these fruits fly solo!
 
Core the apples and fill them with grass-fed butter, maple syrup, or honey. Add some pecans or cinnamon sticks inside, and roast these treats up to an hour. 
 
Still sitting on some excess apples? Peel them up and make some applesauce. Simply melt some apples with a touch of water or apple cider vinegar on the stovetop. Stir often to avoid burning!
 
Before you toss out those apple peels, consider saving them. Apple pies are rich in fiber that feed healthy bacteria. Toss the peels in baked goods or pancakes. You can even dehydrate apple peels for a crispy snack or compost to make excellent soil for springtime!
 

Zoodles ➡️ Noodles

 
Mac and cheese is a must for many Thanksgiving tables. This creamy treat is full of fat, gluten, processed ingredients, and a lot of guilt. 
 
First, switch out your noodle source. White pasta is stripped of its nutrition. Instead, you’re left with a starch teeming with gluten. Gluten prompts our bodies to produce a protein known as zonulin. Zonulin regulates the movements our small intestine makes, which can cause Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) or leaky gut.
 
Instead, make pasta out of zucchini, carrot, or spaghetti squash. Not only are these healthier choices, but they have a ton more flavor than boxed pasta.
 
Also, reconsider the cheese. Try to use cheese made with dairy that is free of hormones and antibiotics. You can also try making your own cheese sauce with plant milk. 
 
Combine two cups of almond milk, two cups of unbleached all-purpose flour, and 3 tablespoons of extra virgin olive oil in a pot. Whisk vigorously for a couple of minutes on medium-high heat for a creamy topping for your healthy pasta.
 

healthy holiday swaps 5 through 10

 

Candied Yams ➡️ Roasted Sweet Potatoes

 
Right out the gate (or oven), the word “candied” should set off a red flag. Candied yams aren’t even a side dish. They’re a dessert dressed up as a part of the main course. 
 
You can still get the sweetness you love out of candied yams with regular sweet potatoes. They even have the word “sweet” in the name.
 
Sweet potatoes are a gut-healing powerhouse. They are chock full of antioxidants that help fight off inflammation. Plus, they are a significant source of resistant starch that helps feed probiotic bacteria and makes us feel satiated longer. 

 

Eggnog ➡️ Cinnamon Tea and Golden Milk Latte

 
Eggnog is an excellent way for kids and adults alike to partake in holiday traditions. As we keep saying, everything is fine in moderation. However, eggnog is rich in unhealthy fats that can linger into the next calendar year. 
 
Literally cut the fat with cinnamon tea. Cinnamon contains an aromatic chemical (terpene) known as cinnamaldehyde. Cinnamaldehyde influences thermogenic processes. That means cinnamon heats things up. This reaction makes cinnamon an excellent fat-burner…and organic lip plumper!
 
If tea isn’t your thing, consider a golden milk latte. This beverage has a thicker consistency that is similar to eggnog. However, it comes with far more benefits.
 
A golden milk latte is made with turmeric powder. Turmeric contains unique compounds known as curcuminoids. Curcuminoids help fight inflammation while improving blood circulation.

 

Hot Chocolate ➡️ Homemade Hot Cocoa

 
Nothing beats sitting around a warm fire with a cup of hot cocoa. Unfortunately, store-bought mixes are teeming with refined sugars that will have the kids waiting up for reindeer all night long! Instead of using packaged hot chocolate, make it from scratch. 
 
Melt unsweetened chocolate on the stovetop. Once melted, add in the goodies. Use natural sweeteners, such as maple syrup, vanilla extract, or food-grade peppermint essential oils, to help give this holiday treat a little more flavor!

 

Alcohol ➡️ Kombucha

 
The holidays come with a lot of parties. That means a lot of cocktails, especially if you’re not keen on your in-laws! Unfortunately, the holiday hangover can continue long after you put down the bottle. Too much alcohol can destroy healthy stomach bacteria, leaving the body prone to pathogens.
 
A light alcoholic beverage that will boost your gut health is kombucha. This beverage ferments yeast in a tea. Yeast feasts on carbohydrates in the tea, enriching the brew with probiotic bacteria and digestive enzymes.
 
The fermentation process naturally produces alcohol. So, kombucha might not be suitable for all ages.

 

Holiday Cookies ➡️ Coconut Macaroons

 
The holidays bring a surplus of cookies that pack on unwanted pounds. You can still have a sweet tooth and snack responsibly this holiday season. Swap out your go-tos for savory coconut macaroons.
 
These creamy treats have far fewer calories than most baked goods. Plus, they contain a suitable amount of fiber to help detoxify the body post-holidays.
 
Coconuts are rich in healthy fats. We keep putting down fats, but our body does need them. It uses healthy fats to help repair our gut lining and improve nutrient absorption. 

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Have a New Year’s Resolution for Gut Health? 7 Ways to Keep It!

A new year is quickly approaching. Time to make a New Year’s Resolution for 2021! After the year we just had, many people pick achieving optimal wellness as a New Year’s Resolution. With interests in probiotics supplements growing, many of these New Year’s Resolutions are centering around the gut microbiome. Unfortunately, many people don’t see their New Year’s Resolutions through. So, here are 7 ways to keep your New Year’s Resolution for Gut Health!

 

Why Make a New Year’s Resolution for Gut Health?

 
As Baby New Year crawls in, it’s time to look at some advice from dad. The “Father of Medicine,” Hippocrates stated, “All disease begins in the gut.”
 
While that notion has long since been debated, there is no denying that our gut bacteria play a significant impact on every aspect of our lives. Fixing your gut health is more than getting your digestive system on track.
 
Making a New Year’s Resolution for gut health is the ultimate way to crush your overall health goals. Improving your gut microbiome with good bacteria can have such a beneficial impact on your day-to-day life.
 
new year's resolution for gut health benefits
 
A New Year’s Resolution for gut health may support:
• Mood
• Digestive Tract
• Weight Loss
• Immune System
• Sleep Cycle
• Skin Health
 
Whether you want to run a marathon, bench 250, or lose 100 pounds, you need to put your best foot forward. You need your mind, body, and immunity to push through the rough patches. All of these factors are influenced by your gut health.
 
In turn, you won’t be bogged down as you focus on the things that really matter. We’re talking about diet and exercise! Instead of worrying about all of the aforementioned issues that plague your life, you can pay attention to the tasks at hand. Here are 7 ways to stick with your New Year’s Resolution for gut health.

 

How to Keep New Year’s Resolution for Gut Health

 
Unfortunately, just 8% of people meet their New Year’s Resolution goals [1]. Don’t let that bog you down! 8% is much better odds than 1%, yet we all try to become rich every day! While we can’t give you tips on making your financial portfolio grow, we have some ideas on how to keep your New Year’s Resolution for gut health. Here’s how!
 
how to improve your gut health in new year's

 

Write Them Down

 
If you’re going to make any goal, New Year’s Resolution or not, get in the habit of writing it down. Jotting down your New Year’s Resolution for better digestive health makes you 42% more likely to achieve this benchmark [2].
 
The average person has upwards of 60,000 thoughts per day [3]. A New Year’s Resolution for gut health might as well be the 60,001 thought. Putting this idea down on paper makes it a tangible item.
 
You now have a tangible item to attach to your thoughts. With this physical reminder, your New Year’s Resolution for gut health can actually become actionable.
 
When you write down a New Year’s Resolution for gut health and look at it, you create a muscle and visual memory. Your hippocampus takes in this info and stores it into your cortex for future recall.
 
Also, every day you see this goal and realize you are making gains, it will set off endorphins. A physical reminder in this written statement can invoke introspection that makes you feel better about yourself.
 
Seeing these lifestyle changes come to fruition can help your confidence, perhaps easing some symptoms associated with anxiety or depression.
 
With written reminders, sticking to your New Year’s Resolution will be more likely. That’s because your brain will remind you more often. It’ll poke you with a hypothetical stick, so you meet your goals.

 

Be Specific

 
Another benefit of writing down your New Year’s Resolutions is that this exercise opens up the floodgate to more writing.s
 
A New Year’s Resolution for gut health is excellent and all, but what does it even mean? What is gut health?
 
Gut health is a unique journey for everyone.
 
We all need to accomplish different things to achieve this destination, which has no end.
 
For some, a New Year’s Resolution for gut health may include cutting back on sweets and adding in more vegetables. While others need to cut down on stress and amp up physical activity.
 
Figure out the main obstacles you perceive having in your quest to accomplish your New Year’s Resolution for gut health. These are the demons you must battle the next 365 days.

 

Consult Your Doctor

 
Even the healthiest person can succumb to unforeseen illnesses. It is important to get a physical every few years to check in with your physical wellbeing. You need a health professional to give you a look-see to make sure everything is on the up and up.
 
If it’s been a long time since you had a physical, then consider this your reminder. When you talk to your doctor, discuss how often you should come back.
 
A wellness exam might not be necessary every year [4]. For some, especially elderly people, having an annual exam is an excellent form of preventative care.
 
It can also help you pinpoint any additional obstacles that might trigger a potential New Year’s Resolution for gut health failure. You need to learn to have an open conversation with your healthcare provider.

 

Food Journal

 
Take an inventory of the foods you eat and the digestive health issues you feel afterward. You and your doctor might make a fascinating deduction about your health.
 
For instance, healthy foods like legumes and beans might be causing your constipation or diarrhea. Perhaps you’re not getting all the nutrients from your foods? Maybe you’re allergic to dairy?
 
Figure out what foods are triggering discomfort. Notice how you feel mentally and physically when you eat them. These realizations can bring a lot of relief to your body!
 
new year's resolution for gut health tips

 

Find an Exercise You Enjoy

 
Yeah, you’re not going to get out of exercising. This activity is essential for all aspects of your health, especially the gut. Let’s face it. Is your gut really going to get healthy if it’s smothered in fat tissue? Most likely not.
 
Most new gym memberships take place between January and March. You have those who start off the year ready to go, while others mull the resolution over in their heads for the first couple of months.
 
No matter what their journey to the gym is, there is $1.8 billion worth of unused gym memberships in this world. That’s a lot of wasted money on an activity that you may not enjoy. Then, find an exercise routine that works for you.
 
Try:
• Yoga
• Pilates
• Boxing
• CrossFit
• Hiking in Nature
• Running
• Krav Maga or Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu
 
You also don’t need to spend money to get a workout on. There are high-quality workouts all over YouTube. Buy a yoga mat and do a 20-minute Vinyasa Flow. Get some resistance bands and try a Pilates class on. Buy nothing and follow along with a cardio video. The options are endless. It’s the excuses that run out.

 

Meditate

 
Thinking about your goals can actually help you manifest them. Turn your New Year’s Resolution for gut health into a mantra and meditate. You’ll be shocked at the results.

 

Lower Stress

 
For one, meditation lowers stress levels. Stress is one of the primary causes of long-term inflammation. Chronic inflammation is when things really go downhill.
 
One analysis explained,
 

“Stress is the common risk factor of 75%–90% diseases, including the diseases which cause the foremost morbidity and mortality. Accumulating literatures showed that excessive inflammation directly contribute to pathophysiology of stress-related diseases [5].”

 FRONT HUM NEUROSCI

When you suffer from chronic inflammation, then your gut barrier becomes compromised. As a result, you run the risk of developing GI conditions such as Leaky Gut Syndrome.

 

Improves Focus

 
To achieve a goal, such as a New Year’s Resolution for gut health, you need discipline. For discipline, you must focus on the task at hand. One study found that even brief meditation can boost the focus for meditation novices [6].
 
All you need to do is sit down as straight as possible. The goal is to align the head, heart, and pelvis. Take deep breaths and envision the gut health you desire. Try five minutes at first. Attempt to work your way up to 20; however, the sky is the limit!
 
If you can’t meditate on your own, there are many meditation videos online. Someone can guide you through meditations to help you clear your mind, improve your mind, or meet your goals. Just browse the thousands of videos and see what speaks to you.
 
For those who still can’t get into meditation, try yoga. Yoga is like meditation, but with movement. You merge your breath with movement. So, you stop thinking about daily stresses and get your body into shape. All of these little benefits will help you meet your New Year’s Resolution for gut health.

 

Look Up Gut Health Recipes

 
You’re going to have to eat. Unfortunately, many of the dietary decisions you made up until now most likely weren’t the best for gut health. So, you need to shift your choices to align with a healthy gut diet plan.

 

Acknowledge the Bad

 
First, acknowledge the foods that are ruining your goals. There are many usual suspects out there. You want to cut down on the sweets, preservatives, and artificial flavorings.
 
Also, cut down on excessive animal fats. There are health benefits to red meat and cheese, but there’s also such a thing as overdoing it.
 
If you are in the department that prefers beef over chicken, be sure you are eating the highest quality meat. You want to consume grass-fed animals that aren’t farmed with hormones or feed grown with pesticides.

 

Get Lean Proteins

 
Protein might be the most essential part of the healthy gut diet plan. They are rich in amino acids, which are the building blocks of life. We need amino acids for thousands of functions, including repairing our gut lining.
 
Lean protein options include:
• Chicken
• Salmon
• Turkey
• Eggs
• Soy
• Seeds
• Nuts
 
These proteins have more omega-3 fatty acids than omega-6s. You can get a majority of omega-6 fatty acids from animal fats. So, try incorporating more of the foods above to help bring balance to your gut biome.

 

Try Fermented Foods

 
Fermented foods are rich in probiotic bacteria. When you consume foods rich in probiotics, they come with a load of benefits. For one, probiotics secrete short-chain fatty acids. These are essential for the rejuvenation of cells in your stomach.
 
Also, probiotics help keep pathogenic bacteria at bay. That way, your immune system doesn’t work overtime. In turn, you will also have less inflammation destroying your gut lining.
 
Some of the best fermented foods include:
• Kombucha
• Kefir
• Yogurt
• Kimchi
• Kraut
• Tempeh
 
Don’t eat fermented foods with Candida overgrowth. Candida may feast on the sugars the probiotic bacteria are consuming, as well. Since Candida grows so fast, they may overtake the beneficial microbes in your fermented foods.

 

Eat Prebiotics

 
We talked a little about bacteria in fermented foods eating. The ones in your gut need to, as well. If you are going to have a New Year’s Resolution for gut health, you need to help the microbes grow. To do this, you must eat prebiotics.
 
Prebiotics are dietary fibers that are body doesn’t break down. Instead, the beneficial stomach bacteria in our microbiome do. In turn, they release short-chain fatty acids into our system.
 
Some of the best prebiotics for probiotics include:
• Artichokes
• Onions
• Garlic
• Greens
• Sweet Potatoes
 
Sounds like a lot of changes to implement? Well, there are some ways to make finding gut health recipes easier. It’s called the Thryve Inside Gut Health Program

 

Join The Thryve Inside Gut Health Program

 
A New Year’s Resolution for gut health doesn’t happen overnight. You need to work at it. Just like some people need a trainer in the gym, you may need a guide in the gut health realm. Let us be that guide by joining the Thryve Inside Gut Health Program. Here’s how.

 

Microbiome Testing

 
Thryve Microbiome Testing Kit
 
The first step to meet your New Year’s Resolution for gut health is to test your microbiome. You need to find out which stomach bacteria you have, and which intestinal flora you require. We’ll send you everything you to test your gut at-home.
 
Just send us a sample from your toilet paper, and we will analyze your DNA. From there, we create an in-depth analysis of your gut biome and actionable plan.

 

Custom Probiotics Supplements

 
We throw the one-size-fits-all approach to probiotics out the window. Based on your gut test results, we recommend a proprietary probiotic blend. Our supplements include bacteria that your gut might be lacking and beneficial microbes that help fight off pathogens.
 
Furthermore, our blend includes prebiotics. That way, the bacteria have a better chance of surviving. Plus, they’ll already start the process of creating short-chain fatty acids that may improve your gut barrier.

 

Healthy Gut Diet Plan

 
Remember those recipes you were supposed to look up? We have a complete database for you. Our recipe book is bursting with delicious entrees that will leave you (and your bacteria) full. Meet your wellness goals by making a New Year’s Resolution for gut health. Take the time to Thryve Inside.

 

Click Here To View Resources

 

Resources

 
[1] Diamond, Dan. “Just 8% of People Achieve Their New Year’s Resolutions. Here’s How They Do It.” Forbes, Forbes Magazine, 2 Jan. 2013, www.forbes.com/sites/dandiamond/2013/01/01/just-8-of-people-achieve-their-new-years-resolutions-heres-how-they-did-it/#51283d54596b.
 
[2] Economy, Peter. “This Is the Way You Need to Write Down Your Goals for Faster Success.” Inc.com, Inc., 28 Feb. 2018, www.inc.com/peter-economy/this-is-way-you-need-to-write-down-your-goals-for-faster-success.html.
 
[3] Verma, Prakhar. “Destroy Negativity From Your Mind With This Simple Exercise.” Mission.org, Medium, 27 Nov. 2017, medium.com/the-mission/a-practical-hack-to-combat-negative-thoughts-in-2-minutes-or-less-cc3d1bddb3af.
 
[4] Heid, Markham. “Is an Annual Physical Exam Really Necessary?” Time, Time, 10 Jan. 2018, time.com/5095920/annual-physical-exam/.
 
[5] Liu, Y. Z., Wang, Y. X., & Jiang, C. L. (2017). Inflammation: The Common Pathway of Stress-Related Diseases. Frontiers in human neuroscience11, 316. doi:10.3389/fnhum.2017.00316
 
[6] Norris, C. J., Creem, D., Hendler, R., & Kober, H. (2018). Brief Mindfulness Meditation Improves Attention in Novices: Evidence From ERPs and Moderation by Neuroticism. Frontiers in human neuroscience12, 315. doi:10.3389/fnhum.2018.00315
 

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5 Skincare Ingredients for a Vibrant and Healthy Glow!

A thriving gut means a healthy immune system. However, did you know that our gut also has control over our skin? Everything from your hair length to nail strength to skin conditions like psoriasis all might be because of your gut health. This complex relationship is known as the gut-skin axis. Here are the best natural skincare ingredients your diet and skin needs to remain vibrant
 
It is all the more critical, then, to be extra cautious about what to put on your skin. If you want both your skin and your gut to thrive, you should only be using ingredients that would benefit the skin microbiome.

 

What is the Skin Microbiome?

 
Without going too much into the technicalities, the skin microbiome is basically a whole community of organisms that live on the skin. However, it’s a tad more complicated than that. Certified dermatologist Carsten Flohr explains that the skin microbiome includes bacteria, viruses, and fungi and that this ecosystem controls a lot about our skin tone, moisture, and health. 
 
These beings are our protectors. They stop toxins and potential pathogens from penetrating the skin’s barrier and entering the system. In fact, they’re smarter than some of our human cells. 
 
One meta-analysis of the skin microbiome explains,
 

“Many of these microorganisms are harmless and in some cases provide vital functions that the human genome has not evolved…These microorganisms may also have a role in educating the billions of T cells that are found in the skin, priming them to respond to similarly marked pathogenic cousins [1].”

 NAT REV MICROBIOL.

 
That’s right! Your skin bacteria even influence immune responses. So, they can help fight off the growth of free radicals that develop into melanoma, modulate inflammation that causes eczema or improve skin texture by destroying pathogenic bacteria.
 
Considering how there are hundreds of species of bacteria and thousands of strains that coexist in harmony, having a diverse balance is crucial to having a happy microbiome. This means that you should see to it that it’s well taken care of, and that includes being careful about the clothes you wear and the things you put on the skin.
 
From how well the products are absorbed all the way to the overall health of the skin, the products we use play a big part in ensuring our wellbeing. The last thing you want is to throw off the skin’s microbiota, which can lead to acne, skin inflammation, and other issues.

 

Best Skincare Ingredients for a Healthy Skin Microbiome

 

DIY skincare ingredients for skin healthAll-natural skincare ingredients you can get anywhere!

 
We all want to look our best. Looking healthy begins with the skin. This exterior is the first thing people see. We all have specific skincare needs.
 
Some have sensitive skin. Others are looking for naturally hydrating creams. While many others need an anti-aging remedy.
 
The best skincare ingredients for a healthy skin microbiome check all those boxes. Here are some items to add to your shopping list!
 

Collagen

 
Collagen happens to be the most abundant protein in your body. It makes up 90% of the connective tissue and organic bone mass and 70% of the skin. If you think about it, it holds the body together. 
 
A review of Frozen Collagen on PrettyMe highlights, collagen offers tons of other benefits. Collagen promotes a more youthful complexion, firmer, tighter skin, and fewer acne breakouts. It can even stimulate your body to produce collagen on its own, hence why it’s useful in reducing wrinkles. 
 
There are many collagen-based skincare products that you can add to your beauty list. Just be aware of artificial ingredients in the formula. These additives can penetrate the skin’s barrier and cause an adverse immune reaction. 
 
One of the most effective ways to add collagen to your routine is by consuming bone broth. Bone broth is also enriched with collagen’s buddy, elastin. As the name implies, elastin helps maintain skin elasticity.
 
Your body needs Vitamin C in order to produce collagen. Be sure to enrich your bone broth with Vitamin C-rich foods, such as bell peppers and broccoli.
 
Plus, these particular bone broth ingredients are excellent sources of ascorbic acid. This plant-based molecule promotes skin health on a cellular level. Research indicates that ascorbic acid reweaves skin fibers and binds cells together to create a natural, radiant glow [2].

 

Oats

 
Many skincare products are laden with fillers that contain potential allergens like gluten that give certain creams or lotions their texture. Other companies might even include a chemical exfoliant to wipe away dead skin cells. Oats are a wonderful exfoliant and are naturally gluten-free!
 
Oats shouldn’t only be your go-to breakfast — they should be your go-to for skincare ingredients, too. They are an abundant source of avenanthramides. Research shows that avenanthramides in oats are potent antioxidants that exhibit strong anti-inflammatory properties [3].
 
Studies also note that oats are useful for preventing itching. So, try throwing some oat into your bath if you break out from poison ivy, eczema, or psoriasis.
 
Lastly, oats are ideal for acne-prone skin because they have the ability to absorb oil from the skin’s surface. It’s no wonder why big brands have oats in their products!

 

Avocados

 
Avocados are more than just a brunch upgrade. They’re the perfect base for DIY face masks! This fruit contains an abundance of fatty acids.
 
Fatty acids help soothe inflamed skin. They also contain amino acids that help create new skin cells.
 
In addition, avocados contain a significant amount of niacinamide (Vitamin B3). Niacinamide is essential for retaining moisture. It works in unison with healthy fatty acids to create a lock along the skin’s barrier that prevents water from escaping into the atmosphere.
 
Also, niacinamide is vital for keratin production [4]. Keratin is a protein that binds to your hair follicles. When keratin is present, your hair will look thicker, fuller, and more voluminous.
 
If you do make an avocado face mask, consider adding some organic cane sugar as your natural exfoliant. Sugar cane is rich in alpha-hydroxy acids (AHA), including glycolic acid. Glycolic acid improves skin elasticity and diminishes the appearance of wrinkles [5].

 

Aloe Vera

 
Aloe vera is a who’s who for skincare ingredients. It contains many essential vitamins and minerals that heal and repair the skin [6].
 
Important skin-healing compounds in aloe vera include:
20 Amino Acids
Calcium
Choline
Sodium
Vitamin A (Beta-Carotene and Retinol)
Vitamin C
Vitamin E
Vitamin B12
Zinc Oxide
 
In particular, aloe vera is an excellent source of zinc oxide. Zinc oxide has been shown to protect the skin from harmful UVA and UVB rays naturally. That’s why aloe vera and zinc oxide are commonly listed skincare ingredients in mass-produced post-sun skincare products.
 
Before you go shopping for aloe vera gel, make sure you read the labels carefully. Many of the synthetic ingredients in these remedies can clog your pores or cause inflammatory responses.
 
Research shows that zinc oxide derivatives of aloe vera can also prevent skin infection by preventing the growth of Escherichia coli (E.coli) [7]. These antibacterial benefits are precisely why aloe vera is one of the top 12 supplements for Leaky Gut Syndrome. Aloe vera also contains digestive enzymes that help break down sugars that might cause digestive issues.

 

Probiotics

 
The probiotics you take for your gut can help boost the skin’s microbiome. New York-based dermatologist Melissa Kanchanapoomi Levin M.D explains how probiotics can decrease inflammation that occurs with conditions like acne and rosacea. 
 
Probiotic bacteria communicate with immune system cells. They can prevent inflammation from destroying healthy skin cells. Simultaneously, probiotics also protect the entire gut microbiome from toxins within our small intestine. 
 
Without sufficient probiotic bacteria, pathogens get on the loose. They can incite inflammation that creates dead skin cells along the skin’s barrier. It also leaves the body susceptible to free radicals that can cause cancer or accelerate aging skin. 
 
Yogurt is an excellent source of probiotics. It also contains lactic acid, which is a type of alpha-hydroxy acid (AHA). Lactic acid helps maintain pH balance on the skin so that pathogens don’t cause inflammation.
 
When you’re looking for probiotic-rich products, be sure to include Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium, as they’re known for locking in moisture and smoothing the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles. While there still needs to be further research on topical probiotics, early lab studies suggest that they may regulate the skin microbiome and restore barrier function [8].
 
The key to improving your skin via the gut-skin axis to make sure you have a diverse gut microbiome. However, the only way to know which bacteria you truly need is to get your gut tested. At Thryve, we send you everything you need to test your gut at home.
 
We take those results and offer you a probiotic recommendation that’s tailored to your gut. That way, you don’t run the risk of adding extra bacteria into your system you already have. 
 
If that were to happen, you would run the risk of creating an environment conducive to bacterial overgrowth. Therefore, generic probiotics might not be the answer you’re looking for. Take the guesswork out of your natural skincare routine by using your own DNA. Get a Thryve Gut Health Test Kit today!

 

What to Look Out For in Skincare Ingredients

 
There are many toxic skincare ingredients out there. Just make sure you read the labels carefully so that you don’t reverse all the benefits you were hoping to achieve.

 

toxic beauty ingredientsRead the labels. They’re warning signs!

Keep an eye out for some of these usual suspects in beauty products:
Parabens
Triclosan
Sodium Lauryl Sulfate (SLS) and Sodium Laureth Sulfate (SLES)
Formaldehyde
Phthalates
 
When in doubt, make your own skincare products. Create face masks with avocados or honey. Use clay and sugar to make a rejuvenating scrub. Mix and match citrus essential oils with thicker carrier oils like rosehip oil to introduce some beta-hydroxy acids (BHA), like salicylic acid, deep into your pores.
 
The fun part about DIY skincare is you can tailor the formula to meet your needs and preferences. You have all the say on your skin-care ingredients. Be sure to do your due diligence. Protect your gut and skin at the same time by using organic whenever possible.
 
Healing your body from the inside will shine through on the outside. Stop eating artificial foods and preservatives. Then, quit adding them to your skin! By caring for the gut-skin axis, you will look good AND feel good, too!

 

Click Here To View Resources

Resources

 
[1] Grice, E. A., & Segre, J. A. (2011). The skin microbiome. Nature reviews. Microbiology, 9(4), 244–253. https://doi.org/10.1038/nrmicro2537.
 
[2] University of Wisconsin Hospitals and Clinics Authority. “The Benefits of Topical Vitamin C.” UW Health, 4 Mar. 2013, www.uwhealth.org/madison-plastic-surgery/the-benefits-of-topical-vitamin-c/13462.
 
[3] I. Alkalay, A. Yaron, et al. “Avenanthramides, Polyphenols from Oats, Exhibit Anti-Inflammatory and Anti-Itch Activity.” Archives of Dermatological Research, Springer-Verlag, 1 Jan. 1995, link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00403-008-0858-x.
 
[4] Gehring W. (2004). Nicotinic acid/niacinamide and the skin. Journal of cosmetic dermatology, 3(2), 88–93. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1473-2130.2004.00115.x.
 
[5] Bernstein, Eric Ferenec, et al. “Glycolic Acid Treatment Increases Type I Collagen MRNA and Hyaluronic Acid Content of Human Skin.” ResearchGate, Dermatologic Surgery 27(5):429 – 433, May 2001, www.researchgate.net/publication/227897984_Glycolic_Acid_Treatment_Increases_Type_ I_Collagen_mRNA_and_Hyaluronic_Acid_Content_of_Human_Skin.
 
[6] Hekmatpou, D., Mehrabi, F., Rahzani, K., & Aminiyan, A. (2019). The Effect of Aloe Vera Clinical Trials on Prevention and Healing of Skin Wound: A Systematic Review. Iranian journal of medical sciences, 44(1), 1–9.
 
[7] Athiban, P. P., Borthakur, B. J., Ganesan, S., & Swathika, B. (2012). Evaluation of antimicrobial efficacy of Aloe vera and its effectiveness in decontaminating gutta percha cones. Journal of conservative dentistry : JCD, 15(3), 246–248. https://doi.org/10.4103/0972-0707.97949.
 
[8] Kober, M. M., & Bowe, W. P. (2015). The effect of probiotics on immune regulation, acne, and photoaging. International journal of women’s dermatology, 1(2), 85–89. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijwd.2015.02.001.
 

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10 STARTLING Things That Promote An Unhealthy Gut Microbiome

The world is waking up to the fact that our gut health is essential for regulating mental well-being, weight control, skincare, and gastrointestinal issues. While following a healthy gut diet plan, getting a microbiome testing kit, and taking personalized probiotics can help fight off bad bacteria, these steps are just the beginning. There’s more to maintaining a healthy gut microbiome than feeding it beneficial bacteria. It’s also about saving your good bacteria from things that may damage them.
 
As humans, we live a life of convenience. Our fast-paced lives mean we are always short on time. Therefore, we live a world of to-go containers, zapped meals, and medications. While convenient for our day-to-day lives, these conveniences inconveniently cause an unhealthy gut. Let’s take a look at 10 things you’d never expect to cause poor gut health!

 

What Causes Poor Gut Health?

 

For the 60 to 70 million people suffering from gastrointestinal disorders, most of these cases didn’t happen overnight [1]. Poor gut health is typically an amalgamation of a lifetime’s worth of decisions.
 
Unfortunately, our lifestyles are set up to make us into more productive human beings, not healthier human beings. With fast-food restaurants on every corner, artificial ingredients added to “healthy foods,” and pesticides tainting our crops, our system is destined for failure.
 
Thankfully, the world is catching onto many of these issues. Consumers are becoming increasingly interested in organic foods and follow a healthy gut diet plan.
 
That is why the Thryve Gut Health Program is broken into three distinct phases:
 How Thryve Gut Health Program Helps Good Bacteria
The three steps to reclaiming your health

 
Microbiome Testing – Determine Which Gut Bacteria You Have
Personalized Probiotics – Formulate Supplement Based on Gut Health Test
Healthy Gut Diet Plan – Prebiotics for Probiotics Recommendations and Nutritional Content

 

10 Unexpected Things That Compromise Balance of Bacteria 

 
To achieve optimal gut health, there are little changes you need to make in your everyday life. Unfortunately, some of these changes will be inconvenient. These tips are more than tips to overcome a poor diet. Items on this list and the effects they have on your digestive system might cause you to start replacing items around your house. 
 
This list is by no means a reason to throw everything out! It’s to create food for thought. However, a tag sale might not be a bad thing….
 
When these items do run its course in your household, and it’s time to replace them, perhaps you might make a different decision. Every little step you take toward good gut health is one step closer to a quality life. Here are some everyday items that, in the long term, might cause bacterial overgrowth. An uneven balance of bacteria might trigger immune responses and, inevitably, compromise your overall health.
 

10 things that compromise Balance of Bacteria
Didn’t think these would do harm, huh?

 

Antibiotics

 
Don’t get us wrong! There is a place in this world for antibiotics. We need them…just not as much as they’re being prescribed. According to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), approximately 47 million unnecessary antibiotics are prescribed each year [2].
 
The problem with prescribing too many antibiotics is that antibiotics can’t kill viruses, viruses are tricky. Viruses sort of work like our immune system in that they plan ways to survive. Research shows that viruses can infiltrate and influence good bacteria to fight off immune responses [3]. When antibiotics wipe out the gut bacteria, all that’s left is a virus that can cause a number of health conditions.
 
The other tricky with antibiotics is actually why our CEO, Richard Lin, found Thryve in the first place. Richard needed a round of antibiotics, and these meds did their job. Antibiotics wipe out harmful bacteria…and beneficial bacteria too.
 
As a result of this empty nest, the evil birds flocked in first. They stuck their claim and wouldn’t let the good birds in. Opportunistic bacteria winning the war landed Richard in the hospital for months in a quest to heal his gastrointestinal distress. Finally, Richard discovered probiotics and reclaimed his gut health from the damage of antibiotics.
 
Recent research suggests taking probiotic supplements for gut health regularly may lower the need for antibiotic use [4]:
 

“Given the potential public health risks of widespread antibiotic misuse, innovative strategies for addressing this problem are urgently needed. “This publication is proof-of-concept that taking probiotics on a regular basis deserves consideration as a way to reduce the over-prescription of antibiotics.”

– Prof. Daniel Merenstein MD, Georgetown University School of Medicine

If you are prescribed antibiotics, please have an open discussion with your doctor. In the case where your doctor says antibiotics are a must, please supplement with probiotics.

 

Bottled Water

 
Humans have a plastic issue. We rely on this synthetic material for everything. From food storage to carrying our groceries to building our cars, plastic rules the world. It’s also starting to rule our bodies.
 
While all forms of plastic are a cause for concern, there’s one we should be worried about the most worried about is Bisphenol A (BPA). Research indicates that BPA mimics estrogen in our bodies [5].
 
While estrogen is essential for humans to function correctly, many people (namely men) don’t need any added exposure. Perhaps, this is part of the reason for the rise in infertility?
 
The problem with BPA is that these synthetic ingredients can leach into foods, water and permeate through our skin. One study found that 72% of 455 common household containers (including hypodermic syringes and food processor containers) released an alarming number of estrogen-like compounds into the drinks, medications, and foods they held [6].

 

Cell Phones

 
Cell phones are more than just a means of communication. They’re also a way to avoid talking to strangers while waiting for a bus. However, these convenient devices may pose a gut health threat.
 
The world is preparing to go 5G, but there is a growing concern for the effects that electromagnetic fields (EMFs) have on our bodies.
 
In 2011, 77% of Americans owned smartphones. Today 95% do [7]. This increase only means there’s more EMFs floating around. And while we’re making this big step to 5G, we still don’t know the long-term effects of cell phones. However, preliminary reports are frightening.
 
One study found the EMFs found in our everyday electronic devices actually stimulate our intestinal flora. In particular, EMFs facilitate the growth of Escherichia coli (E.Coli) [8].
 
When there are too much of the gut bacteria, E.Coli, in the system, you may exhibit symptoms of Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS), Inflammatory Bowel Diseases (IBD), or Leaky Gut Syndrome.

 

Dental Work

 
Open wide! Our dental health may be having an adverse effect on our gut health. Anything you introduce to your mouth is going to enter your system, including the materials used in your dental procedures.
 
The greatest cause of concern for your gut health lies in your fillings. Most silver fillings are a combo of:
 • Copper
 • Silver
 • Mercury
 
These heavy metals are three of 23 heavy metals that “in small amounts, they are required for maintaining good health, but in larger amounts, they can become toxic or dangerous [9].”
 
One study about the effects of heavy metals on the microbiome found that these toxins can alter gut flora [10]. This study focused on arsenic, arsenic, cadmium, and nickel. While these heavy metals aren’t used to craft dental fillings, those three are also named as the 23 heavy metals that “that are of concern for us because of residential or occupational exposure.” You are the company you keep.
 
Every time we chew, it wears away at our filling. Therefore, these heavy metals are continually entering our system. That’s why research suggests if you have more than eight fillings, you may have elevated levels of mercury in your blood [11].

 

“Gluten Free” Foods

 
We’ve already become well-acquainted with the horror stories of gluten. Not only is there a rise in Celiac Disease, but gluten has become one of the top food intolerances across the nation. Sadly, our food practices are starting to impede on organic foods and gluten-free foods incorporated in a healthy diet.
 
One study examined 22 genetically gluten-free grains for gluten. All contained some traces of gluten. In fact, 32% had so much gluten; the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) wouldn’t classify the product as gluten-free [12].
 
As the study concluded, “Gluten contamination of inherently gluten-free grains, seeds, and flours not labeled gluten-free is a legitimate concern.” No, really! People who are making health-conscious decisions are only perpetuating their food allergies.
 
The reason for these alarming stats is cross-contamination. Therefore, gluten is in our environment and is being blown about with the wind and dispersed by birds and insects.
 
Furthermore, gluten-free manufacturers are operating in gluten-tainted facilities. The particles are still in the warehouse and are carried over to the new batch of products.
 
It’s the same concept as companies that manufacture goods in the same warehouse as “peanuts, soy, etc.” They put a warning label on their foods because their goods might still spark immune responses caused by food allergies.

 

Indoor Air Pollution

 
Sick of your co-workers? Well, they’re making you sick. In fact, the whole workplace is. Our office is a breeding ground for illness. For one, you’re in close-quarters eight hours per day for five days per week. With poor ventilation in many office buildings, we sit amongst stagnant air and germs.
 
On top of human bacteria, we are then exposed to chemicals. There’s heavy-duty cleaning supplies, chemicals from copy machines, and the overuse of hand sanitizer always in use in closed office spaces. Our lungs must filter germs, synthetic chemicals, and human-made fragrances all day long. That’s a lot of indoor pollution to filter through.
 
The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) ranked indoor pollution as one of the top five environmental risks to public health [13]. Seeing as we spend 90% of our day indoors, our gut health is under constant attack and may need the extra strength of probiotics.

 

Cosmetics

 
Our skin also has bacteria that help protect us from viruses and other pathogens. Unfortunately, we paint all over these healthy bacteria with lotions, makeup, and bronzers every day. We are snuffing out our natural bacteria with synthetic ingredients that actually do more harm to our skin (and overall health) than good.
 
The average woman has 515 synthetic cosmetic ingredients in her beauty routine. These ingredients permeate through our skin and enter the microbiome through the gut-skin-axis. Here, a litany of gut health issues can occur.
 
For instance, one of the most common artificial ingredients in cosmetics is a form of parabens. These gelatinous-like particles give our cosmetics viscosity. Unfortunately, these molecules also mimic estrogen. Therefore, our cosmetics are also throwing off our hormone levels.
 
Then there’s triclosan, which is used in everything from toothpastes to cookware to hand soap. This additive is useful in destroying harmful bacteria. However, it also accumulates in the gut microbiome and has shown to destroy gut bugs conducive to a healthy lifestyle in vertebrates [14].

 

Stress

 
Stress is killing us, literally. It is a primary culprit in so many of our health problems, including mental wellness and gastrointestinal disorders. Yet, we accept stress as part of being human. We need to change that mindset.
 
Research suggests stress triggers our immune cells to go wild [15]. They want to know what is causing us to feel so stressed. Our immune cells’ first response is to start inflammation.
 
Inflammation kills off the bad guys, anti-inflammatories take care of the inflammation, and all is well.
 
With stress, the flame keeps getting relit. Eventually, inflammation starts to burn the cells along our gut lining. In turn, this causes toxins from our intestines to enter our bloodstream.
 
Stress is literally eating us up inside, and it creates conditions like Irritable Bowel Syndrome and Small Intestinal Bacterial Overgrowth (SIBO).

 

Teflon Pans

 
Perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) is not biodegradable and has a half-life in humans of three years [16]. PFOA is the main ingredient in most of our cooking ware, namely non-stick skillets and Teflon pans. With each stir-fry, we’re eating more teflon.
 
PFOA can also be found in:
 • Computer Parts
 • Coffee Cups
 • Clothing
 • Car Parts
 • Flooring
 
Unfortunately for us, research shows that PFOA disrupts immune cells. Seeing as a majority of our immune cells are made in the digestive tract, PFOA negatively impacts our gut health. In fact, research links this immune disruptor to ulcerative colitis [17].
 
Furthermore, Stockholm University’s Unit for Biochemical Toxicology released a report saying, they couldn’t pinpoint a low-enough dose of PFOA that didn’t have an impact on immune cells [18].

 

Canned Tuna

 
Tuna is a great way to get a lot of protein…and mercury. When you are buying tuna, please be careful about which type you are buying. White or albacore tuna has three times the mercury level (0.32 parts per million of mercury) as compared to light tuna (0.12 parts per million of mercury) [15].
 
If you are going to buy light tuna, look on the label for words such as “gourmet” or “torno.” That means the tuna was made with yellowfin, which has even higher mercury levels!
 
If you are using canned fish in your healthy gut diet plan, opt for canned salmon. It has much lower mercury levels. Plus, salmon is rich in omega-3 fatty acids. Those who follow the typical SAD are low on these crucial fats.

 

Fix Your Life At First Signs of an Unhealthy Gut

 
Gut issues develop over time. Listen to your body. When you notice your physical health start to change, that means something is going on. Use those moments to assess what you’re doing that might be causing gut problems. 
 
At Thryve, we give you a starting point on your journey towards fixing your gut health. We send you a microbiome testing kit to help you determine the actual gut flora that’s causing digestive distress and health concerns. 
 
We can let you know which foods are the favorites of the bad bacteria in your gut microbiome. That way, you can ditch those foods to get a healthy balance of bacteria back in your system. Furthermore, we let you know which prebiotic-rich foods the probiotic bacteria you’re lacking enjoy. Our program also suggests hundreds of recipes with these prebiotic foods to ensure the growth of these good guys.
 
Lastly, you can opt into a probiotic recommendation tailored to your gut. The key to a healthy body is bacterial diversity. Getting this probiotic is the last step in experiencing all the Thryve Gut Health Program’s health benefits. 
 
After you get your food sensitivities and bacteria imbalance under control, you will have a solid foundation towards your wellness goals. That’s when you can start making little changes, like the ones we suggested here. 
 
You can even begin with just one change today. After all, it was a culmination of decisions that caused gut problems in the first. It’ll be a culmination of healthy choices to fix it!

 

Click Here To View Resources

Resources

 
[1] “Digestive Diseases Statistics for the United States.” National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 1 Nov. 2014, www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/health-statistics/digestive-diseases.
 
[2] “CDC Newsroom.” Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, www.cdc.gov/media/releases/2016/p0503-unnecessary-prescriptions.html.
 
[3] University of Exeter. “Viruses Cooperate to Overcome Immune Defenses of Bacteria.” ScienceDaily, ScienceDaily, 19 July 2018, www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2018/07/180719142007.htm.
 
[4] ISAPPscience. “Scientific Analysis Shows Probiotic Use Is Associated with Fewer Antibiotic Prescriptions.” EurekAlert!, www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2018-09/isaf-sas091418.php.
 
[5] Bittner, G. D., Yang, C. Z., & Stoner, M. A. (2014). Estrogenic chemicals often leach from BPA-free plastic products that are replacements for BPA-containing polycarbonate products. Environmental health : a global access science source, 13(1), 41. doi:10.1186/1476-069X-13-41.
 
[6] Gao, H., Yang, B. J., Li, N., Feng, L. M., Shi, X. Y., Zhao, W. H., & Liu, S. J. (2015). Bisphenol A and hormone-associated cancers: current progress and perspectives. Medicine, 94(1), e211. https://doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000000211.
 
[7] “Demographics of Mobile Device Ownership and Adoption in the United States.” Pew Research Center: Internet, Science & Tech, Pew Research Center: Internet, Science & Tech, 5 Feb. 2018, www.pewinternet.org/fact-sheet/mobile/.
 
[8] “Evaluation of the Effect of Radiofrequency Radiation Emitted From Wi-Fi Router and Mobile Phone Simulator on the Antibacterial Susceptibility of Pathogenic Bacteria Listeria Monocytogenes and Escherichia Coli.” SAGE Journals, journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/1559325816688527.
 
[9] Jaishankar, M., Tseten, T., Anbalagan, N., Mathew, B. B., & Beeregowda, K. N. (2014). Toxicity, mechanism and health effects of some heavy metals. Interdisciplinary toxicology, 7(2), 60–72. doi:10.2478/intox-2014-0009
 
[10] Richardson, Joshua B., et al. “Exposure to Toxic Metals Triggers Unique Responses from the Rat Gut Microbiota.” Nature News, Nature Publishing Group, 26 Apr. 2018, www.nature.com/articles/s41598-018-24931-w.
 
[11] “Have More than Eight Dental Fillings? It Could Increase the Mercury Levels in Your Blood.” ScienceDaily, ScienceDaily, 27 Sept. 2016, www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/09/160927143042.htm.
 
[12] Thompson, Tricia, et al. “Gluten Contamination of Grains, Seeds, and Flours in the United States: a Pilot Study.” Journal of the American Dietetic Association, U.S. National Library of Medicine, June 2010, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20497786.
 
[13] “Why Indoor Air Quality Is Important to Schools.” EPA, Environmental Protection Agency, 25 Oct. 2018, www.epa.gov/iaq-schools/why-indoor-air-quality-important-schools.
 
[14] Gaulke, C. A., Barton, C. L., Proffitt, S., Tanguay, R. L., & Sharpton, T. J. (2016). Triclosan Exposure Is Associated with Rapid Restructuring of the Microbiome in Adult Zebrafish. PloS one, 11(5), e0154632. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0154632.
 
[15] Maydych V. (2019). The Interplay Between Stress, Inflammation, and Emotional Attention: Relevance for Depression. Frontiers in neuroscience, 13, 384. https://doi.org/10.3389/fnins.2019.00384.
 
[16] Steenland, K., Fletcher, T., & Savitz, D. A. (2010). Epidemiologic evidence on the health effects of perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA). Environmental health perspectives, 118(8), 1100–1108. https://doi.org/10.1289/ehp.0901827.
 
[17] Steenland, K., Kugathasan, S., & Barr, D. B. (2018). PFOA and ulcerative colitis. Environmental research, 165, 317–321. doi:10.1016/j.envres.2018.05.007.
 
[18] Qazi MR, Xia Z, Bogdanska J, et al. The atrophy and changes in the cellular compositions of the thymus and spleen observed in mice subjected to short-term exposure to perfluorooctanesulfonate are high-dose phenomena mediated in part by peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-alpha (PPARalpha). Toxicology. 2009;260(1-3):68-76. doi:10.1016/j.tox.2009.03.009.
 

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